A file system is the information and strategy structures that an os uses to monitor files on a disk or partition; that is, the technique the files are orchestrated on the disk. The word is in like manner used to portray a partition or disk that is used to save the files or the kind of the file system. Thus, one may state "I have 2 file systems" recommending one has 2 partitions on which one shop files, or that an individual is using the "prolonged file system", proposing the sort of the file system.
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Computers can store data on different kinds of physical media, for example, magnetic disk magnetic tape, and an optical disk. The OS maps files onto the physical media and gets to these media by methods for the storage devices.
The OS is liable for the underneath composed activities regarding file management:
Creating and deleting the records
Creating and deleting the directories
Supporting primitives (operations) for controlling the files and directories
Mapping files onto secondary storage
Backing up files on the stable (nonvolatile) storage media
A File Structure must be according to the required format that the computer operating system can interpret or know. The format is demonstrated as follows:
A file ought to have a fixed and very much characterized structure according to its sort.
A text type file is a series and arrangement of characters which is managed into the lines.
A source sort of file is a series and arrangement plan of capacities and procedures.
An object sort of file is a series and arrangement of bytes managed into blocks and lumps that are clear and deciphered by the computer machine.
At the point when an operating system clarifies various kinds of file structures, it, what's more, incorporates the code and program to help these structures of file. MS-DOS and Unix bolster fewer the file structure.